WORKING IN MONTREAL, DOING BUSINESS IN CANADA
Are you thinking of working in Montreal, of doing business in Canada?
Job creation, export growth, booming businesses, a host of sectors of excellence... the job market has never been so conducive to professional desires and ambitions, especially in the post-pandemic economic recovery. To take full advantage of this renewed economic activity - or to make your business project flourish - moving forward with the right information is better than navigating by sight. Here are some useful points of reference and good addresses for a smooth immersion...
HOW TO WORK IN MONTREAL OR IN CANADA?
JOBS AND PROFESSIONS
At the threshold of a new life, the job is never far away. What are the best professional prospects? How do you get into active and even proactive job search mode? Where can I find job offers in the Greater Montreal area? What are the steps to follow and the right doors to open? Here's a guided tour...
CAREER PROSPECTS AND OPPORTUNITIES
While the labour market has suffered the ripple effects of the anti-covid health measures, employment in Canada is returning to its former form. Signs of its good health: creation of 157,000 jobs in Canada in September, the lowest unemployment rate 6.9%, since February 2020, strong wage growth. As for Emploi Québec, it announces more than 1.4 million jobs to be filled by 2026 in the Greater Montreal area, including highly qualified vacancies!
Get information on the labour market
For an overall picture of the labour market, go to: l'Institut de la statistique du Québec!
In a few clicks, you will be informed on the reality of:
- Hours worked
- Industries and occupations
- Labour market in the MRCs
- Labour force, employment and unemployment
- Union presence
- Job quality
- Compensation and benefits
- Work and languages
SEARCH FOR A JOB
What job could you do in Quebec? Which of your skills will be recognized? What steps will most directly lead to your goals? To find a job that matches your aspirations, go to the emploi Québec website qui regroupe désormais ces ressources sur Quebec.ca!
You'll find advice, useful addresses and social references:
- Find a job: Job offers
- Organize your job search: Job search tips
- Search for a job in Quebec emploi : Québec emploi, online job offer service
- Consult jobs and internships for students: Student employment
- Find out about trades and professions: Trades and professions
- Develop your skills: Training
- Help for the family and support for individuals: Family and support for individuals
Other research leads and sources of information:
- Ministry of Employment and Social Solidarity: www.mess.gouv.qc.ca
- Ministry of Labour: www.travail.gouv.qc.ca
- Commission des normes du travail du Québec : www.cnt.gouv.qc.ca
- Labour Market Information: www.quebec.ca/en/employment/trades-occupations
- Working in Canada: www.jobbank.gc.ca
- Employment integration in Montreal: www.travailimmigrants.com
Working in the regions or in Canada
Outside the metropolis, more and more people are choosing to live and work in the regions for various reasons, including a certain quality of life. To find out about job opportunities in one of Quebec's 17 administrative regions, you can consult: Immigration Québec - Explore the regions that offer good job prospects
Wondering if you need a work permit? How to extend it? How to hire a foreign worker? Accessing "global talent" to increase your competitive advantage?
The page "Work in Canada" of the Canadian government website can answer your questions.
SECTORS IN DEMAND
In Canada and Quebec, thousands of jobs will have to be filled in certain important sectors. In some fields, students are already being hired before the end of their studies and specialized professionals are being called upon from their countries of origin. The shortage of professionals is currently concentrated in the following fields:
"By 2031, it is estimated that one in four Canadians will be 65 years of age or older. With this aging population comes a high demand for health care professionals. If you work in areas such as nursing, health care administration or disability management, your skills are in high demand"
Source : https://www.randstad.ca/fr/chercheurs-demplois/explorer-les-secteurs/sante/
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY / ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE / VIDEO GAMES
To meet the labour needs in this constantly evolving sector, Montréal International is working to connect qualified professionals from around the world with companies in the Greater Montréal area. As such, Quebec Video Games and Visual Effects Days are organized on the talentmontreal.com web platform, including job postings and the selection of professionals from around the world (www.montrealinternational.com).
The shortage of elementary and secondary school teachers in Quebec regularly makes headlines in the media. In the absence of teachers, the government is issuing "hiring tolerances" for personnel not legally qualified to teach in the public education system. For example, in an article dated September 12, 2021, Radio-Canada reported, "As of January 2021, more than 2,200 non-legally qualified teachers were teaching in classrooms across the province. This number has been increasing year after year, more than doubling in five years, according to data from the Ministry of Education".
The professional orders
Before rushing into anything, the first step is to check whether your profession is regulated in Quebec. In Quebec, several professions are organized into professional orders. Lawyers, doctors, architects, engineers, veterinarians, accountants... there are currently 46 professional orders whose main mission is to supervise the practice of the profession and protect the public.
To practice certain professions and have the right to use the title, you may need to obtain a permit from a professional order and become a member. Licensing is generally dependent on the recognition of your degree, professional experience and proficiency in the French language. You may have to write an exam or complete a training course to become licensed.
However, some professions benefit from reciprocal agreements between the Quebec and French governments. For example, the French nursing diploma and the French engineering diploma are recognized, exempting you from having to take a technical exam.
For a list of professional orders: www.opq.gouv.qc.ca/ordres-professionnels/liste-des-ordres-professionnels
Welcome to the artists!
Are you an artist? In song, painting, comedy, dance, theater... there are some great names from Quebec. Every year, Montreal spreads its artistic talents to all corners of the world. It's no coincidence that Montreal has earned the reputation of being the "circus capital", with the big tops of Cirque du Soleil, Cirque Éloize, the 7 Fingers of the Hand, the Montreal Totally Circus Festival, the National Circus School... A true cultural incubator, La Belle Province also opens its stages and performance halls to international artists. Just like the entertainment district in Montreal, the many artistic companies are sparkling with creativity and talent.
THE STEPS TO TAKE TO GET A JOB
How to present your CV? How to prepare for the interview? How to develop your professional network? Without the right keys, getting a job can have the same effect as trying to get the moon. What if we focused on the ABCs of the typical job seeker's steps?
HOW TO PRESENT YOURSELF: RESUME, COVER LETTER, INTERVIEW
How to write a resume or a cover letter? There are so many details that cannot be improvised in a job search. Job search assistance services are there for you, such as:
- More than 150 community organizations offering free employment orientation and integration services. Accessible on: www.immigration-quebec.gouv.qc.ca/en/settle/services-organizations.html
- Local employment centers for their accompaniment services and training sessions on the Quebec work world: www.localisateur.servicesquebec.gouv.qc.ca/en ; the Job Search Centers ; le Réseau des Carrefours Jeunesse Emploi du Québec www.rcjeq.org
- Job fairs, the Salon de l'immigration or the Salon carrière et développement professionnel in Montreal
- Government services such as the Emploi-Québec website: www.emploiquebec.gouv.qc.ca
The Comparative Evaluation of Studies
The Comparative Evaluation of Studies conducted outside Quebec is an expert opinion issued by the Ministry of Immigration, Francisation and Integration, based on a general comparison between two official educational systems.
Visit the government website to submit a request for a comparative evaluation.
Job search engines
From a distance and from home, it is possible to consult job offers on:
- Emploi Québec : www.emploiquebec.gouv.qc.ca
- Online employment website with Québec Emploi
- Job Bank by Service Canada: www.jobbank.gc.ca
- Québec en tête : www.quebecentete.com
And don't forget: Pôle Emploi, the leading employment portal in France, which makes more than 2,000 foreign job opportunities visible online every day, including those in Quebec.
DEVELOP YOUR PROFESSIONAL NETWORK
Integrating a new environment often means leaving your comfort zone. More than a professional introduction, the "famous" professional network often represents an introduction to the work culture. In the form of a 5 to 7 "networking" session, you could take advantage of the discussions to learn more about the skills valued in Quebec. More informal than business meetings, these "events" organized around a drink and some snacks, create connections and closeness by professional affinity. Especially since the mentality in Quebec is to find the "perfect match" between the employee and the job that corresponds to him: the right person for the right job!
PROFILE: ENTREPRENEUR / INVESTOR
At the threshold of starting a business, the decision to create a business or to buy a company depends largely on understanding the business context and cultural subtleties, and on connecting with the partners for your success.
STARTING A BUSINESS
Looking for resources to start your business? Develop a business plan, choose the legal structure of your business, develop your market, benefit from the expertise and guidance of a mentor to develop your skills...
There are many organizations and institutions in Quebec that can help you start your business project and support you throughout your entrepreneurial journey.
You can get information from:
- Réseau des carrefours jeunesse-emploi du Québec (RCJEQ)
- Revenu Québec
- Ministère de l'Économie, de la Science et de l'Innovation
- Entreprises Québec
The Démarrer une entreprise (in French - meaning starting a business) online service guides you, step by step, through the necessary steps, such as:
- registration in the business register;
- Registration in Revenu Québec files;
- obtaining a permanent clicSÉQUR - Entreprises authenticator;
- activating the Enterprise Zone, a secure space that allows you to access online services offered by Québec government departments and agencies and to make requests and perform other procedures to fulfill your obligations;
- Registration with the Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (if applicable).
ACQUIRE A COMPANY / INVEST
Canada's image is often of its vast landscapes of forests and lakes. The Quebec and Canadian economy is not only strong in its natural resources. A pillar of its economy is the industrial sector, including aeronautics, aluminum and electricity production, the pharmaceutical industry, wood and paper production, iron, copper...
The island of Montreal is distinguished by the weight of the equipment manufacturing sector, mainly transportation equipment, which accounts for 20% of the economic activity generated by the manufacturing sector on the island of Montreal.
Thanks to the presence of Bombardier, the inventor of the Ski-Doo (snowmobile), which went on to develop railways, subways and aeronautics, Montreal is one of the aeronautics capitals of the world.
As international agri-food giant, Quebec has a strong rural tradition and boasts some $8 billion in annual food exports. The food processing industry represents nearly 70,000 jobs in Quebec.
Aluminum, hydroelectricity, metals and minerals... Quebec has energy to spare.
According to Investissement Québec International: "Nearly 90% of Canadian aluminum is produced in Quebec. After aerospace, aluminum is the second most important sector in Quebec. The value of its exports is $7.1 billion, which represents 10% of the province's export market and 5% of manufacturing shipments."
Deus Ex, Assassin’s Creed, Call of Duty… the video game industry is on a roll and job offers are blowing in on Quebec. Some 230 companies are involved in the video game industry. More than 15,000 workers are employed in the video game sector in Quebec, representing 46% of the Canadian workforce. For example, the multinational company Ubisoft, of French origin, will invest $780 million creating 1,000 jobs by 2027 across the province. This would make Quebec the fifth largest video game technology hub after Tokyo, London, San Francisco and Austin.
As key sector of the Canadian economy, life sciences encompass both large international pharmaceutical companies and innovative, fast-growing local biotech firms. "Pharmaceutical sales in the Canadian market represent 2.1% of global sales, making Canada the 9th largest pharmaceutical market in the world." (Canadian Government Site, Pharmaceutical Industry Profile - Canadian Life Sciences Industry)
Considered an industry of the future, the ICT (Information and Communication Technology) and AI (Artificial Intelligence) sector benefits from numerous government support measures to sustain and enhance expertise, such as advantageous tax measures (notably R&D tax credits), major investments in several research and transfer centers, including these:
- MiQro Innovation Collaboration Center (C2MI),
- Center de recherche informatique de Montréal (CRIM),
- Defence R&D Canada Valcartier (DRDC Valcartier),
- PROMPT research consortium,
- National Optics Institute (INO),
- Society for Arts and Technology (SAT),
- Several highly specialized college technology transfer centers (CCTT)
According to Montréal International, "The Montreal agglomeration ranks first among the 20 largest North American metropolises for competitiveness in operating costs, salaries, commercial rent and energy costs".
Complete your sources of information on this topic:
- Montréal International
The heart of economic activity is the Greater Montreal region, where half of all Quebecers live and work. The gross domestic product of the Greater Montreal area accounts for 35% of Quebec's GDP. With a value of $134 billion in 2017, the GDP of the island of Montreal is comparable to that of Algeria, Kazakhstan or Hungary, and would rank 55th in the world if it were a country. It is higher than that of several Canadian provinces such as : - Saskatchewan, - Manitoba, - New Brunswick, - Prince Edward Island, - Nova Scotia - Newfoundland and Labrador.
Mergers and acquisitions and private equity in Canada
If you are planning to acquire a company in Quebec, Éric Gerbier, Executive Vice President of Classe Affaires France Canada and partner of HP & Associés, recommends that you become well informed about the business and cultural differences at all stages of the acquisition process. Investing and succeeding in a foreign country requires more than funds and a strong motivation. To accompany his clients on their way to a business acquisition, Eric Gerbier emphasizes the importance of having solid expertise, strategic partnerships, and a sharp knowledge of communication and negotiation styles. Prospecting, market exploration, value assessment, establishing relationships with key players, negotiating the purchase offer, the necessary verifications and the financial package... are all crucial steps to take in order to successfully complete a business project.
CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES
A short guide to chambers of commerce that promote business networking, information and expertise sharing, and support programs:
- Montréal International : Greater Montreal's economic development agency for investors, international organizations, talent and students from around the world.
- La Fédération des chambres de commerce du Québec (FCCQ)
- La Chambre de commerce et d'industrie de Québec (CCIQ)
- Regroupement des jeunes chambres de commerce du Québec (RCJJQ)
- CCI France Canada -Québec : Chambre de commerce française au Canada – section Québec
Montreal, an international metropolis
"Montreal is recognized as the international capital of Canada, with the largest community of international organizations in the country, and the third largest in North America. The city's businesses, institutions and universities are thus extremely well positioned to access the largest international networks.
- More than 65 international organizations
- One of the 3 UN cities in North America, with New York and Washington
- 2nd consular city in North America
- 1st city in North America for the number of international conventions
- 140+ languages spoken (55% of the population bilingual and 20% trilingual or more)
- Most reputable city in the Americas (Reputation Institute, 2018)"
THE EVERYDAY WORK CULTURE
Entering a new work context often means leaving behind habits, the ordinary, everything that seemed to be taken for granted. Even more so in a foreign country. This can trigger a few reflex reactions or a certain pensive look... unless you are more familiar with some specific cultural traits and values.
THE OFFICE MENTALITY
Efficiency, profitability, productivity: the pragmatic spirit triumphs over many other considerations. The best way to stand out is to prove yourself. This means that concrete achievements often prevail over abstract ideas, that work experience takes precedence over the famous diploma, that highly specialized knowledge is more valuable than general knowledge.
Initiative - which is appreciated and valued - opens many doors for new ideas and immigrants. Another dominant trait is autonomy. This is true of career management, which is more often the responsibility of the individual than of the company. A career that is cultivated through networking, but also through continuing education and professional development courses.
The work day can be intense but, nevertheless, ends at 5pm. The typical 9 to 5 schedule is particularly appreciated by those who wish to enjoy their personal or family life. On average, Quebec employees work 34 hours per week. Overtime is paid or recovered as time off.
The two to three weeks of paid annual leave may seem a little light for those used to long vacations. On the other hand, parental leave can extend to one year, and can be divided between both parents.
A casual atmosphere at work - no ties or suits - is the norm in most companies. First names are used instead of "you" and the workday can end with a beer or a glass of wine. Away from a hierarchical culture, teamwork is valued in a spirit of collaboration and participation. During meetings, the most appreciated comments are constructive and benevolent.
The phrase "No bickering in my cabin" also applies to the office. The tone at work is not one of raising your voice. Open space is not the cause. The reason is cultural. The willingness for consensus keeps interpersonal conflicts at bay. Not to mention that in a "tightly woven" society, everyone can know or recognize each other at an event or a new job formule.
On this ground of compromise and cordiality, discrimination, systematic criticism or questionable jokes cannot be accepted or grow, and are rather cut off at the root. Inclusion, diversity and gender equality are on the agenda of corporate training. Political correctness" is also portrayed in the language of the company.
LIFE IN A COMPANY
The official website of Immigration Québec provides a very good summary of the characteristics of life in a company in Québec (in extenso):
- The minimum education required in the majority of job offers is 11 years of schooling, which corresponds to a high school diploma (DES).
- Written and spoken knowledge of French and English greatly determines the chances of career advancement.
- Good written language skills are highly valued throughout the professional labour market.
- Some professions and trades are regulated and require various conditions to be met in order to practice them. If this is the case for you, you should contact the appropriate professional order or regulatory body to obtain the required information.
- Quebec offers good opportunities for self-employment.
- The Quebec labour market offers full-time, part-time, temporary and contract employment.
- Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the ones that recruit the most workers.
- It may be easier to get an interview with potential employers outside the summer vacation period.
- The dominant values in Quebec companies are generally equality, cooperation, flexibility and participation. Quebec managers value employee participation in the company. Although they do not do so systematically, they do not hesitate to consult their subordinates when necessary. They expect direct communication and constructive feedback.
- In Quebec, the value of equal opportunity is very important. Even if you come from a high socio-economic background and have degrees from top schools in your country of origin, employers expect you to prove yourself, as do all Quebecers. Proving yourself may mean working, at least for a while, in a less skilled job, a part-time position or a contract position.
- In Quebec, what is written in an employment contract is more important than the relationship you can establish with your employer. The duties associated with a position are usually precisely defined, but they leave room for personal initiative on the part of employees. If a dispute arises with your employer, your employer will generally defer to the terms of the contract rather than the relationship you have established with them.
- Quebec employers value respect for schedules and deadlines. Work meetings are generally prepared with a specific agenda, which encourages structured and orderly discussions based on the objectives of the meeting.
- In Quebec, hiring and promotions are generally based on individual employee skills, achievements and performance. Often, Quebec employers also take into account the person's ability to integrate into the work team.
- Women are very present in the Quebec labour market. Like men, they work in the profession or trade of their choice. They hold a variety of positions and are found at all levels of the corporate hierarchy.
- In Quebec, it is considered that a young person can be competent even if he or she has little experience; therefore, they sometimes manage people who are more experienced than they are.
- Quebec managers usually seek consensus and resolve conflicts through negotiation and compromise.
ARE YOU TEMPTED BY THE CANADIAN PROFESSIONAL ADVENTURE?
HP & Associés helps you make your project a reality.
Over the years, HP & Associés has accompanied many investors and entrepreneurs, cultivating long-term relationships with key partners to help them optimally realize their business projects…